Informing Ecosystem Management
Informing Ecosystem Management: Science and Process for Landbird Conservation in the Western United States presents ten examples illustrating both the process and science behind bird conservation in the west. The articles 1) describe integrating bird conservation and effectiveness monitoring into land management guidelines with an emphasis on partnerships; and 2) present case studies which highlight bird monitoring within the adaptive management framework. This U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Technical Publication emphasizes both the science of monitoring and the process of its integration into land management because both are necessary in order for effectiveness monitoring to fully impact decision making. The document is intended to advance bird conservation by outlining how to better integrate science and land management.