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California Towhee

California Towhee (Pipilo crissalis)
Habitat: Oak-Chaparral
Habitat Attribute: dense shrub cover with herbaceous openings

Habitat Objectives (Sites)
Mature or young savannah in oak-chaparral in the following conditions:
– canopy cover <30%
– canopy and subcanopy conifer cover <10%
– shrub cover 40-70%
– interspersion of shrub and herbaceous cover with each >30%

Population Objectives (Sites)
Target Densities in Suitable Habitat:
Klamath Mountains:
– Umpqua: >0.02 birds/ha
– Rogue: >0.21 birds/ha

Rockwell, S. M., J. L. Stephens, and B. Altman. 2021. Population and habitat objectives for landbirds in grassland, oak, and riparian habitats in the Puget Lowlands, Willamette Valley, and Klamath Mountains ecoregions. Version 2.0. Prepared for Oregon-Washington Partners in Flight, Pacific Birds Habitat Joint Venture, Bureau of Land Management, and U.S. Forest Service. Klamath Bird Observatory, Ashland, OR, and American Bird Conservancy, Corvallis, OR