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Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena)

Forest Type: Klamath Mountains Mixed Conifer and Mixed Hardwood-Conifer Forests
Habitat Attribute: Post-Wildfire

Habitat Objectives:
Sites: Maintain post-wildfire vegetation, especially deciduous shrub/tree vegetation, where opportunities exist or can be managed for with <20% live tree cover and a shrub-herbaceous (includes bare ground) cover ratio that is within a range of 30-70% for each parameter.

Habitat Conservation Strategies:

  • Discontinue use of herbicides for deciduous tree and shrub control for species associated with deciduous vegetation in post-fire habitat.
  • Restore fire as a management tool where ecologically appropriate.
  • Maintain areas of unaltered post-fire habitat where regeneration can occur naturally.
  • Retain and encourage the development of shrubs within post-fire habitat
  • Minimize the impact to shrubs during management activities in post-fire habitat

Altman, B. and J.D. Alexander. 2012. Habitat conservation for landbirds in coniferous forests of western Oregon and Washington. Version 2.0. Oregon-Washington Partners in Flight ( and American Bird Conservancy and Klamath Bird Observatory.

Habitat: Oak Savannah or Open Woodland
Habitat Attribute: moderate and patchy shrub cover

Habitat Objectives (Sites):
Oak Savannah or Open Woodland in the following conditions:

  • canopy cover <40%
  • shrub cover 20-50% with an interspersion of herbaceous areas

Population Objectives (Sites):

Target Densities in Suitable Habitat:

Puget Lowlands:
South: >0.10 birds/ha (>0.04 birds/ac)

Willamette Valley:
North: >0.13 birds/ha (>0.05 birds/ac)
South: >0.22 birds/ha (>0.09 birds/ac)

Klamath Mountains:
Umpqua: >0.65 birds/ha (>0.26 birds/ac)
Rogue: >0.60 birds/ha (>0.24 birds/ac)

Rockwell, S. M., J. L. Stephens, and B. Altman. 2022. Population and habitat objectives for landbirds in prairie, oak, and riparian habitats of western Oregon and Washington. Version 2.0. Prepared for Oregon-Washington Partners in Flight, Pacific Birds Habitat Joint Venture, Bureau of Land Management, and U.S. Forest Service. Klamath Bird Observatory, Ashland, OR, and American Bird Conservancy, Corvallis, OR.