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Spotted Towhee

Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)
Habitat: Riparian Open Woodland
Habitat Attribute: scattered shrubs with herbaceous openings

Habitat Objectives (Sites)
Riparian Open Woodland in the following conditions:

Population Objectives (Sites)
Target Densities in Suitable Habitat:
Puget Lowlands:
– North: >0.27 birds/ha
– South: >0.27 birds/ha
Willamette Valley:
– North: >0.60 birds/ha
– South: >0.60 birds/ha
Klamath Mountains:
– Umpqua: >0.80 birds/ha
– Rogue: >1.09 birds/ha

Rockwell, S. M., J. L. Stephens, and B. Altman. 2021. Population and habitat objectives for landbirds in grassland, oak, and riparian habitats in the Puget Lowlands, Willamette Valley, and Klamath Mountains ecoregions. Version 2.0. Prepared for Oregon-Washington Partners in Flight, Pacific Birds Habitat Joint Venture, Bureau of Land Management, and U.S. Forest Service. Klamath Bird Observatory, Ashland, OR, and American Bird Conservancy, Corvallis, OR